Genetic mutations are important sources of variability among individuals of all species, including cats. While these genetic anomalies can have different impacts—beneficial, neutral or even harmful—their occurrence is very important as it provides the populations with diverse and unique individuals. This furthermore increases the chances of survival of at least one fraction of the population in case of sudden environmental changes.
Every cat has an immune system that fights off harmful substances (bacteria and viruses) with antibodies and protects its host from the enemies. But sometimes, just like in humans, a cat’s immune system can be overly sensitive and mistake completely harmless proteins for dangerous substances. This is when your kitty will develop an allergic reaction.
An umbilical hernia is a bulging or a protrusion of the abdominal lining, abdominal fat or even portions of abdominal organs through the area around the belly button (navel, umbilicus). This is the result of an occurrence of a small hole in the muscle wall of the abdomen. Hernias are usually not health threatening and can be easily surgically treated. But why is it important to be aware of this problem? Because umbilical hernias are actually a quite common occurrence in kittens, specifically bottle fed kittens and if not resolved on its own and left untreated, hernias can stretch and get larger. The bigger the hernia, the more insides can protrude to the outside. This further leads to major complications. Without further ado, let’s discuss why this problem arises in the first place and what we can do about it!