KIDNEY DISEASE

My Cat has Polycystic Kidney Disease: What Does This Mean?

Please note that you are reading the old version of this article. You can find the updated article here.

Has your cat been diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease? You are not alone. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) affects up to 6% of all cats. Many cats with PKD will live long, happy lives despite having cysts in their kidneys. Unfortunately, some cats develop more or larger cysts than other PKD cats, and this can lead to chronic renal disease and kidney failure. It’s best to identify and treat this feline disease as soon as possible.

A Short Guide Through The Chronic Kidney Disease In Cats

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a renal disease associated with a gradual loss of kidney function over a period of several months or years. Unlike acute renal disease, which develops suddenly and progresses rapidly, CKD progresses slowly and persistently, often with no apparent symptoms until later stages. CKD is also known under terms chronic renal disease (CRD), chronic renal failure (CRF) and chronic renal insufficiency.

My Cat Has Polycystic Kidney Disease: What Does This Mean?

Has your cat been diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease? You are not alone. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is one of the most common genetic diseases in cats. It is widely described in Persian and related cats, but also, sporadically, in other cat breeds (Nivy et al, 2015 & Volta et al, 2009). PKD is diagnosed in approximately 38% of Persian cats worldwide, which accounts for about 6% of all cats (Lyons et al, 2014). The disease is characterized by a formation of small fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys and may lead to kidney failure. An autosomal dominant mutation in the PKD1 gene has been identified as a cause for this condition.